AP U.S. History ____________________________
Chewning August, 2005

Chapter 4, The Enduring Vision
The Bonds of Empire, 1660-1750

I. Multiple choice. (2 points each.) Select the best answer:

1. According to George Whitefield,

a. the Anglican clergy had abandoned Calvinist doctrine in favor of reason.
b. wives should question their husbands’ piety.
c. slaves had souls.
d. members of congregations were as good as, if not better than, their ministers.
e. all of the above.

2. After 1660, the English

a. began a new wave of colony building.
b. turned inward to reform their own society rather than establish new societies across the seas.
c. embarked on an era of free trade by repealing most parliamentary acts dealing with overseas commerce.
d. abandoned Canada to the French.
e. outlawed royal ownership of overseas colonies.

3. The only British colony on the North american mainland to have a black majority in the eighteenth century was

a. Georgia.
b. Virginia.
c. South Carolina.
d. Maryland.
e. Delaware.

4. Which of the following is one of the reasons that the cultivation of rice changed South carolina society dramatically?

a. Rice cultivation required the use of slaves.
b. The price of rice had risen dramatically, making rice farmers fabulously wealthy.
c The discovery of a profitable crop meant that there would be more work for thousands of indentured servants.
d. Because rice could be grown on small farms, with minimal capital investment, South Carolina became a society
of small farmers.
e. Vast areas of the interior were opened up to rice cultivation.

5. King George’s War and the French and Indian Wars resulted in all of the following except

a. expulsion of Spain from North America.
b. expulsion of France from North America.
c. a fusing of bonds between the British and Anglo-Americans.
d. planting seeds of misunderstanding, suspicion, and hostility between the British and Anglo-Americans.
e. none of the above

6. Which of the following European wars is correctly matched with its American name?

a. Seven Years’ War: Queen Anne’s War
b. War of the Austrian Succession: King George’s War
c. War of the League of Augsburg: George Whitefield’s War
d. War of the Spanish Succession: French and Indian Wars
e. none of the above



7. As a result of King George’s War,

a. the French were expelled from North America.
b. four thousand New Englanders were killed in a futile assault on the French bastion of Louisbourg.
c. the English captured and then returned the French fort on the northern tip of Nova Scotia, guarding the
entrance tot he St. Lawrence River.
d. France was established as the dominant power in North America.
e. Spain surrendered Florida to England, and France took control of Louisbourg.

8. The treatment of the Tuscarora and Yamasee Indians in North Carolina during the early eighteenth century
demonstrated that

a. English settlers should have been able to use Native Americans instead of black slaves for rice and tobacco
cultivation.
b. Native American resistance would not significantly hinder white expansion in the Carolinas.
c. Plantation agriculture provided ideal conditions for Indians.
d. Native American tribes could resist white expansion by remaining unified.
e. the British Parliament was too quick to send troops when it thought that English settlers were in danger.

9. As a result of the Stono Rebellion,

a. South Carolina planters engineered a series of reforms that helped create a more open and equal society.
b. the king of England took direct control by ending proprietary rule and transforming North and South Carolina
into royal colonies.
c. a harsh new code was instituted to keep slaves under constant surveillance and ensure that masters
disciplined their slaves.
d. the last vestiges of Native American resistance to white expansion were eliminated.
e. Native Americans won the right to use English ships of war.

10. Which of the following statements correctly represents one aspect of relations between the French and Indians
in Louisiana?

a. The Indians provided French merchants with corn, bear oil, tallow, and deerskins.
b. The Indians sold French merchants handmade blankets, kettles, axes, chickens, and hogs.
c. The French sold the Indians horses and cattle that had been stolen from Spanish ranches.
d. Indians became partners with the French in Louisiana’s lucrative silver mines.
e. The French drove the Kickapoos, Mascoutens, Shawnees, and Delawares out of Louisiana.

11. What was the environmental impact of the rapid expansion of English settlement in the East?

a. deforestation
b. destruction of the rabbit and possum populations
c. overpopulation in New York and Boston
d. drying up of many swamps
e. development of new methods to prevent soil erosion

12. The last two Stuart kings

a. tried to reign as absolute monarchs.
b. disliked representative government.
c. tried to centralize colonial government.
d. were Charles II and James II.
e. all of the above






13. Who was responsible for the following: jailing citizens; forcing a Boston Puritan congregation to share its
meetinghouse with an Anglican minister; looking into the finances of Harvard College; enforcing the Navigation Acts;
and suppressing the colonial legislature?

a. William of Orange
b. Jacob Leisler
c. Sir Edmund Andros
d. George Whitefield
e. Thomas Hutchinson

14. The Glorious Revolution in England touched off rebellion in all of the following colonies except

a. Massachusetts.
b. New York.
c. Maryland.
d. South Carolina.
e. None of the above. The Glorious Revolution had very little impact on England’s North American colonies.


15. Which of the following correctly describes the impact of the Glorious Revolution in one of the colonies?

a. Maryland: Protestants seize the capital, Maryland becomes a royal colony, and Catholics lose the right to vote.
b. Massachusetts: Dominion of New England is dismantled, the colony regains the right to elect its own
governor, and New Hampshire is reunited with Massachusetts.
c. Georgia: Catholics seize control from the Protestant elite and repeal the Act of Toleration.
d. New York: Revolt by a captain in the militia is swiftly suppressed, and New York remains a Stuart stronghold
until 1720.
e. Pennsylvania: Quakers are ousted from most government positions and the colony becomes a royal province
with a governor chosen by the king.

16. Which of the following resulted from King William’s and Queen Anne’s wars?

a. The French were driven from the North American continent.
b. The Stuart kings were driven from power.
c. The wars heightened Anglo-Americans’ sense of British identity and made them feel dependent on the
mother country for protection.
d. King William gained the throne of Spain when he married Queen Anne.
e. The British captured New Orleans and started to settle Louisiana.

17. Who bore the bloodiest fighting in the course of King William’s War?

a. the English
b. the Iroquois
c. the Leislerians
d. the French
e. the Spanish

18. How was eighteenth-century colonial settlement affected by the Native American populations?

a. resistance from various Native American tribes restricted the growth of European settlements.
b. Native Americans encouraged English settlement as a way of protecting themselves from the French and Spanish.
c. Native Americans negotiated treaties that contained European settlers to a 100-mile-wide strip along the Atlantic coast.
d. Through the depopulation and dislocation of Native Americans, European colonial settlements were able to expand rapidly.
e. all of the above.


19. What was the main reason the population of the British North American colonies shot up in the eighteenth century?

a. high birthrate
b. a decade of bumper rice crops
c. immigration from Europe
d. discovery of wonder drugs to cure diseases
e. conclusion of the wars with the Spanish and French

20. On average, how many children did women in English colonial America have?

a. 5
b. 8
c. 15
d. 1.3
e. 21

21. Eighteenth-century European immigrants to the British North American colonies

a. tended to settle in large urban areas in New England, New York, and New Jersey.
b. were usually middle- and upper-middle-class professionals or skilled artisans
c. included large numbers of Irish and German and declining proportions of English.
d. stayed in the colonies, on average, only four years before returning to live in Europe.
e. included large numbers of murderers dumped on American shores by the British government.

22. Which of the thirteen colonies was the last to be settled and the only one to receive some financial assistance from
the British government?

a. Georgia
b. the carolinas
c. Vermont
d. Pennsylvania
e. Delaware

23. Which of the following statements about Georgia is not correct?

a. It was supposed to flourish by exporting expensive commodities such as wine and silk.
b. For a time it was the only English colony where slavery was forbidden.
c. It enjoyed good relations with southeastern Indian tribes.
d. In its first decade, half of Georgia’s immigrants came from Germany, Switzerland, and Scotland, and most had
their overseas passage paid by the government.
e. It was populated by large numbers of debtors who otherwise would have had to rot in jail.

24. Mercantilism was

a. an economic theory carefully elaborated by Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations.
b. a government policy aimed at achieving national economic self-sufficiency.
c. a colonial American policy of trading primarily with England in order to strengthen political and economic ties
d. a theory of business organization in which merchants formed joint stock companies to pool their capital.
e. all of the above

25. The British Navigation Acts affected the economics of colonial America in all the following ways except that

a. American producers of items such as silk, iron, dyes, hemp, and lumber were paid bounties by the British
government.
b. imperial trade goods had to be carried in British ships.
c. colonial clothing manufacturers were heavily subsidized so that they could meet the demand in England.
d. colonial products such as tobacco, rice, furs, indigo, and naval stores had to be shipped through England
before going to foreign nations.
e. British West Indian sugar producers benefited at the expense of their French rivals.
26. Why did few colonial Americans object to the British navigation system after 1700?

a. The restrictions stimulated the development of an American merchant marine and American maritime
industries.
b. Parliament never restricted products such as grain, livestock, fish, lumber, or rum, which accounted for 60
percent of colonial exports.
c. Tobacco growers were given a monopoly of the British market, and their income was reduced only slightly.
d. The regulations primarily burdened tobacco and rice exporters, whose income was reduced by less than 3%.
e. all of the above

27. Which of the following statements about women in eighteenth-century America is correct?

a. Women could not inherit their parents’ land. Only sons could legally inherit family estates.
b. Women could not choose their own husbands. The choice was made by their parents.
c. Women in rural and urban families played an important part in helping to support their households.
d. Women were encouraged to join local militias as a way of establishing their independence from their husbands.
e. Women had legal control over their dowries and other property that they brought with them into marriage.

28. Which of the following correctly suggests the conditions of land ownership among farm families in well-settled areas?

a. Land was usually cheaper than manure.
b. Those who wished to own land usually had to concentrate on full-time agricultural work.
c. Because of low interest rates and small down payments, families were able to pay off their mortgages within
five years.
d. The great majority of landowners could not provide their children with land when they married.
e. Because of the rapid growth in population, land was becoming scarce and the price of land made it difficult for
average people to own their own homes.

29. Which of the following was not a typical condition in eighteenth-century American cities?

a. declining population because of out-migration to regions beyond the mountains where land was available.
b. poor rolls that were bulging with the survivors of mariners lost at sea
c. contagious disease running rampant because of poor sanitation
d. longer spells of unemployment and declining wages
e. inhabitants who were caught in a downward spiral of declining opportunity

30. Compared with indentured servants, slaves

a. ate more.
b. worked for a far longer portion of their lives.
c. were healthier.
d. had a shorter work week but less vacation time.
e. all of the above

31. If you lived in 1750 and were talking about a member of the gentry, what might you say about him?

a. “He says that it is more sensible to buy land, servants, or slaves than luxuries.”
b. “I often see him driving his wagon to cockfights.”
c. “He recently received a shipment of costly English fashions and expensive chinaware that he is going to use
at the elegant formal he is holding three weeks hence.”
d. “The town gossip is that he is deeply in debt and has yet to accumulate enough savings to purchase a farm of
his own.”
e. “He doesn’t fit in because of his extreme wealth. He should return to England.”





32. After the middle of the eighteenth century, what was the generally accepted objective of Chesapeake landowners
such as George Washington and Thomas Jefferson?

a. to concentrate all the estate’s resources on the profitable cultivation of one crop
b. to refinance their operations by using slaves as collateral for new loans
c. to free themselves from the economic cycles of the English market by developing new markets in France
or Spain.
d. to achieve self-sufficiency on their estates and to diversify away from dependence on a single crop
e. to have a simpler life by selling off land and retiring to the country.

33. What was the typical qualification for holding office in eighteenth-century English colonies, outside of New England?

a. property ownership of at least 1,000 acres
b. there were none; any voter could hold office
c. membership in the Anglican church
d. a high school diploma and the $100 registration fee
e. being born in the colonies, or having lived there at least thirty-five years

34. Which of the following could vote in the English colonies?

a. women
b. African Americans
c. Native Americans
d. indentured servants
e. none of the above

35. To which branch of government didi the colonial gentry turn to defend their own interests?

a. the crown in London
b. the lower house of the legislature (the assembly)
c. the judiciary
d. the upper house of the legislature (the council)
e. the executive branch (the governor)

36. The considerable powers that colonial governors possessed included all of the following except

a. the right to veto acts.
b. the power to call or dismiss assembly sessions at will.
c. control over taxes and the budget.
d. the authority to schedule elections at any time.
e. These were all powers possessed by colonial governors.

37. Which of the following was not one of Benjamin Franklin’s accomplishments?

a. initiating a movement to encourage organized churches to resolve their theological differences
b. establishing Philadelphia’s first volunteer fire company
c. organizing the American Philosophical Society
d. earning enough money to retire by the age of forty-two
e. inspiring the creation of a circulating library

38. What did most eighteenth-century American intellectuals think about science?

a. They suspected that the mysteries of the universe were too complex for any human to truly understand.
b. They suspected that the mysteries of the universe were too complex for any human to truly understand.
b. They thought that science amounted to little more than turning lead into gold and experimenting with balloons.
c. They believed that science could be more useful because it could make everyone’s life more comfortable.
d. They feared that science could pose the greatest threat to organized religion since the Reformation.
e. all of the above
39. Deists

a. argued that the only true knowledge was religious truth, and the God was unknowable.
b. insisted that where the Bible conflicted with reason, one should follow the words of the Bible rather than the
false dictates of reason.
c. believed in a God who had created a perfect universe and then allowed it to operate according to natural laws.
d. claimed that the best argument against the existence of God could be derived through the study of
nature’s harmony and order.
e. believed that the Church of England had to be purged of Roman Catholic influences and merged with the
Presbyterian Church.

40. The Great Awakening was

a. an attempt at opening the eyes of Americans to the need for a more rational American religion.
b. the realization by the colonial elites that regulations imposed upon them by the Board of Trade were
restricting their liberties.
c. a movement by American religious leaders to reunite many warring sects into one Protestant church.
d. a scientific movement in which people were encouraged to observe the natural world with the naked eye.
e. a revival movement that emphasized the corruption of human nature, the fury of divine wrath, and the need
for immediate repentance.

41. New Light preachers like Gilbert Tennent shook the foundations of the social order by sowing seeds of doubt about

a. ministers.
b. merchants.
c. royal governors.
d. scientists.
e. imperial tax collectors.

42. Which of the following was not a long-term effect of the Great Awakening?

a. the founding of new colleges such as Columbia, Princeton, Brown, Rutgers, and Dartmouth.
b. the decline in the influence of Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists, and the increasing importance of
Quakers, Anglicans, and Congregationalists.
c. the emergence of black Protestantism.
d. the fostering of religious toleration by blurring theological differences among New Lights
e. None of the above; they were all long-term effects of the Great Awakening.

43. The situation in Mose, Florida, in the colonial period demonstrates

a. the instability of a colony defended by black militia.
b. the Spanish belief in racial equality.
c. the role of African Americans in Anglo-Spanish colonial rivalries.
d. the constructive result of the collaboration of blacks and Indians.
e. none of the above.



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The last two questions are from the end of Chapter 3. There were 52 questions on that test and only 43 on the Ch. 4
test, so I dropped these two here for you. We’ll call them extra credit, although they’re no harder than the others.

44. During the late 17th and early 18th centuries, how did Native Americans fare in Spain’s American territories?

a. Mission life helped them to keep together and preserve their traditional work habits and language.
b. Because they were exposed to Old World diseases, they fell victim to terrible epidemics.
c. Spanish colonial administrators enslaved Native Americans to work in silver mines.
d. Spanish soldiers slaughtered Native Americans whenever they resisted the efforts of the missionaries.
e. all of the above.

45. Which of the following statements accurately compares the French and Spanish colonists’ relations with Native
Americans with those of the British colonists by the eighteenth century?

a. Spanish and French colonies were concentrated in strategic missions or trading posts to fight the Indians,
while the English colonists ranged throughout eastern North America and enjoyed cordial relations with Indians.
b. The Spanish, French, and English colonies all had antagonistic relations with Native Americans.
c. Spanish and French colonies were spread thin and depended on Indian goodwill, while the English colonies
were compact, expansionist, and antagonistic toward native Americans.
d. There were few significant differences. French, Spanish, and British actions all resulted in the destruction of
Native American culture.
e. English settlers had strong religious convictions and therefore cultivated Indian goodwill, while the French
and Spanish settlers attempted to exterminate Native Americans.


Wicked Men Of The Past Are Still In Hell

  (Dated June, 1749) 1 Peter 3:19, 20
By which also he went and preached to the spirits in prison, etc...
  Two things it is my present purpose to observe concerning the spirits or souls of those wicked men
that Noah preached to...

1. How long ago they lived.
2. How those souls are here spoken [of] as to their present state, “spirits in prison.”

DOCTRINE. — Those wicked men who lived before the flood, and went to Hell in Noah’s time, are there still.

1. I would give some reasons why they have remained in Hell so long.
2. Observe in some respects in what circumstances they remain there all this while.

I. Give some reasons.:

1. ’Tis not because Hell has been tolerable to ’em.

Though they desire it, they can’t return to nothing. “Seek death and cannot find it.” Extreme torment, but no tendency to annihilate the soul... tendency to sink it, but not to reduce it to nothing. ’Tis not with the soul as ’tis with the body in its present mortal state... extreme oppression tends to destroy it.

3. Their debt is what they can’t pay...Great debt to Divine justice. Have not wherewith... Nothing to pay... Cast into prison till they should pay the last mite...

4. THERE IS NOT GOSPEL PREACHED IN HELL. Christ did not die for the damned... had no respect to that world... to those in this state... any more than to the devil. No means of grace Means of grace not accommodated to that state. No manner of provision made in any respect for their relief. No aid. Preaching of the Word don’t reach them. The prayers of saints, of godly friends, don’t reach them

Hence no mercy in Hell... Though their pain is extreme... God don’t pity ’em. Though their wishes for deliverance are great... though their cries are loud... though long continued... though it be exceeding intolerable.