Algebra 1 Online!
Henrico County Public Schools, Virginia
Expressions and Operations

Equations and Inequalities



SOL Review Materials
The student will graph linear equations and linear inequalities in two variables, including
a)   determining the slope of a line when given an equation of the line, the graph of the line, or two points on the line. Slope will be described as rate of change and will be positive, negative, zero, or undefined.
Essential Knowledge and Skills 
  • Find the slope of the line, given the equation of a linear function.
  • Find the slope of a line, given the coordinates of two points on the line.
  • Find the slope of a line, given the graph of a line.
  • Recognize and describe a line with a slope that is positive, negative, zero, or undefined.
Essential Understandings
  • Changes in slope may be described by dilations or reflections or both.
  • The slope of a line represents a constant rate of change in the dependent variable when the independent variable changes by a  constant amount.
  • The product of the slopes of perpendicular lines is -1 unless one of the lines has an undefined slope.
Vertical Articulation
  1. SOL 7.15 - a) solve one-step inequalities; b) graph solutions on number line
  2. SOL 8.15 - b) solve two-step linear inequalities and graph results on number line; c) identify properties of operations used to solve
  3. SOL 8.16 - graph linear equations in two variables
  4. SOL AFDA.2 - use transformations to write equations, given graph of function (linear/quad/exponential/log)
  5. SOL AII.6 - recognize general shape of function (absolute value/square root/cube root/rational/poly/exponential/ log) families/ convert between graphic and symbolic forms of functions ‐ transformational approach to graphing
Instructional Materials
  1. VDOE ESS Lesson: Slope-2-Slope - Equations and Inequalities (PDF) - Investigating slope of horizontal and vertical lines and graphing a line (Word)
  2. VDOE ESS Lesson: Slippery Slope - Equations and Inequalities (PDF) - Writing equations of lines (Word)
  3. VDOE ESS Lesson: The Submarine - Equations and Inequalities (PDF) - Investigating slope as rate of change (Word)
  4. VDOE ESS Lesson: Equations of Lines - Equations and Inequalities (PDF) - Writing equations of lines (Word)
  5. Notes: Slope (doc) | Answer Key (pdf)
Real World Lessons
  1. Slope for the Mathematically Inclined worksheet (doc) | (pdf) | Slope Application video (mov)
  2. Lab Activity - Finding Slope with Stairs (pdf)
  3. Slope Exploration worksheet (doc) | (pdf)
  1. VDOE ESS: Silent Bingo Game (pdf)
  2. VDOE ESS: Slope-2-Slope Puzzle (pdf) | Answer Key (pdf)
  3. VDOE ESS: Slope-Intercept Cards (pdf)
  4. Worksheet: Slope CW (doc)
  5. Worksheet: Slope HW (doc)
  6. ExamView Quiz: Slope
  7. Prentice Hall Quiz
  1. SOL Mini Quiz
  1. JMU Pivotal Question: Walking a Path (doc)
  1. Video: PH Finding slope using rise/run
  2. Video: PH Finding slope using coordinates
  3. Video: PH Finding the slope of horizontal or vertical line
Explore Learning
  1. Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs - Create a graph of a runner's position versus time and watch the runner run a 40-yard dash based on the graph you made. Notice the connection between the slope of the line and the velocity of the runner. Add a second runner (a second graph) and connect real-world meaning to the intersection of two graphs. Also experiment with a graph of velocity versus time for the runners, and also distance traveled versus time.
  2. Function Machines 2 (Functions, Tables, and Graphs) - Drop a number into a function machine, and see what number comes out! You can use one of the six pre-set function machines, or program your own function rule into one of the blank machines. Stack up to three function machines together. Input and output can be recorded in a table and on a graph.
  3. Modeling Linear Systems - Activity A - Experiment with a system of two lines representing a cat‑and‑mouse chase.  Adjust the speeds of the cat and mouse and the head start of the mouse, and immediately see the effects on the graph and on the chase. Connect real‑world meaning to slope, y‑intercept, and the intersection of lines.
  4. Slope - Activity B - Explore the slope of a line, and learn how to calculate slope. Adjust the line by moving points that are on the line, and see how its slope changes.
  1. Notes: Using Slope to Graph Lines - notes on graphing using slope at
  2. Notes: Slope of Lines - notes on finding slope at
  3. Interactive: Slope Activity - adjust the line on a graph to identify the correct slope.
  4. Interactive: Investigating Horizontal Lines - mathlet from GeoGebra
  5. Interactive: Investigating Vertical Lines - mathlet from GeoGebra
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Common Core Standards