River Valley Rally
Read the following overview about the Huang He River Valley before you attempt any of the games or quizzes we have for you. This outline has the key information that should spark your memory.
River Valley Rally
Huang He River Valley
- There were three rivers in the Chinese Huang He River Valley: the Huang He, the Chang Jiang, and the Xi Jiang,
- We have many contributions that come from China: porcelain, fireworks, gunpowder, civil service, paper, and silk (to name a few).
-The First Dynasty was the Shang Dynasty. It had a complex bureaucracy and the economy was mainly agriculture. The religion was a combo of ancestor worship and animism ( meaning everything has a spirit). Oracle bones were used to answer questions and caligraphy was developed.
- The Zhou Dynasty was next. The land was divided into providences with a ruler for each. Rulers owed military service to Zhou kings. The Mandate of Heaven meant that the god of Heaven chose the rulers. Rule was, however, hereditary. The dynasty lasted for more than 500 years.
-The Qin Dynasty had an autocracy- the emperor had total power. The Great Wall of China was built and created 1500 miles of protection. Weights and measures were standardized as well as coins, writing systems, and law codes. The Great Wall today is 4000 miles long!
-The Han Dynasty had a very strong centralized government, but not as harsh as the Qin. The empire was extended and the Pax Sinica occured (400 years of peace!). There was a food surplus and civil service was created - jobs were based on talent, not status. The Silk Road was built and trade prospered. Lastly, the mandarin class develops.
- Three philosophies developed in the Huang He River Valley. The first is Taoism/ Daoism. Laotze developed this and wrote the Dao De Jing. People are not to seek power or material wealth. Harmony with nature and inner peace is encouraged. Daoism spread through southeast Asia.
- Confucianism was developed by Confucius to show others that humans were good, not bad. There were 5 basic relationships: Ruler to ruled, father to son, husband to wife, Elder brother to younger, and friend to friend.
-Dualism was the two sidedness of nature. Think Yin and yang!