Name: 
 

SOL Practice Test



These questions are similar to the types of questions you may see on the SOL test!
 

 1. 

The primary motive for the settlement of Virginia was:
a.
to extend Christianity
b.
seeking economic opportunity
c.
to establish a new and free nation
d.
for those seeking religious freedom
 

 2. 

Why did African slavery become so important to the South?
a.
Primarily economic reasons, as African slaves were a cheap source of labor and easily used on plantations.
b.
Primarily racial reasons, as most southerners were inclined to treat Africans harsher than the indentured servants.
c.
Primarily social reasons, as it was viewed as socially elite to own Africans rather than indentured servants.
d.
Primarily political reasons, as the indentured servants often voted yet the African slaves did not.
 

 3. 


The Mayflower Compact
In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are under-written, the loyal subjects of our dread sovereign Lord, King James, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, etc.
Having undertaken, for the glory of God, and advancement of the Christian faith, and honor of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant and combine our selves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony,  unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the eleventh of November [New Style, November 21], in the year of the reign of our sovereign lord, King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Dom. 1620.

This document is so significant because:
a.
it was the first written plan of government based on democracy in the colonies
b.
it became the Royal Charter for Massachusetts
c.
it formally separated church and state
d.
it granted independence from England
 

 4. 

mc004-1.jpg
The above set of beliefs BEST describe the:
a.
Puritans
b.
Catholics
c.
Quakers
d.
Anglicans
 

 5. 

mc005-1.jpg
Which arrow on this map would illustrate the “middle passage”?
a.
A
b.
B
c.
C
d.
none of these
 

 6. 

How did the publication of Common Sense impact the American Revolution?
a.
It made more colonists side with the English King
b.
It made more colonists desire independence from England
c.
It made colonists wish they were fighting for more rights as Englishmen
d.
It angered the Colonists against their own colonial leaders
 

 7. 

mc007-1.jpg
Who wrote the words in the passages above?
a.
Thomas Paine
b.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
John Locke
d.
Patrick Henry
 

 8. 

What was the purpose of the Stamp Act and other similar laws passed by England after the French-Indian War?
a.
To allow for greater trade
b.
To allow for the Colonists to run their own governments
c.
To create a common currency
d.
To raise taxes to help pay for the war
 

 9. 

mc009-1.jpg
Which of the following BEST describes the graphic above?
a.
The American colonists did not like the taste of British Tea.
b.
The American colonies declared independence, and had no need for British Tea.
c.
The American colonists boycotted British Tea as a result of the Tea Act.
d.
The East India Tea Company went out of business and no longer supplied tea to the colonies.
 

 10. 

  mc010-1.jpg
The above picture denotes the final surrender of Lord Cornwallis’ troops to General Washington which essentially ended the war.  Where did this happen?
a.
Lexington
b.
Bunker Hill
c.
Jamestown
d.
Yorktown
 

 11. 

What was the result of the “Great Compromise” during the writing of the Constitution?
a.
It gave us a two-house Congress, with a Senate and a House of Representatives.
b.
It gave us a national government with three branches.
c.
It required at least nine states to ratify the Constitution
d.
It created a Bill of Rights as the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
 

 12. 

Which of the following is the correct label for each of these diagrams?
mc012-1.jpg     mc012-2.jpg
mc012-3.jpg
a.
Diagram A = Checks and Balances
Diagram B = Separation of Powers
Diagram C = Federalism
b.
Diagram A = Separation of Powers
Diagram B = Federalism
Diagram C = Checks and Balances
c.
Diagram A = Federalism
Diagram B = Separation of Powers
Diagram C = Checks and Balances
d.
Diagram A = Separation of Powers
Diagram B = Federalism
Diagram C = Checks and Balances
 

 13. 

Primary Source Reading:
Speaker A
If the plan for government laid out by the Constitution is fully as radical as the break from England if in this transition our rights and privileges are endangered and the sovereignty of the States be relinquished; and cannot we plainly see that this is actually the case?  The rights of conscience, trial by jury, liberty of the press, all your immunities and franchises, all pretensions to human rights and privileges, so loudly talked of by some and inconsiderately by others, are rendered insecure, if not lost by this change.  Is this tame relinquishment of rights worthy of freemen?  Is it worthy of that manly fortitude that we ought to characterize republicans?  It is said that eight States have adopted this plan.  I declare that if twelve States and a half adopted it, I would with manly firmness and in spite of an erring world reject it.
Speaker B
The Constitution will not prove fatal to the State governments, because of the tendency in all confederacies to diminish rather than increase the federal powers.  Since the State governments possess more influence among the people, the State employees are more numerous than the national, and the State powers are greater than the national.
The proposed changes consist less in the addition of new powers to the Union than in the invigoration of its old ones.  The State and Federal Governments are only different agents for the people, with different powers and for different purposes.  If popular favor should rest on the Federal Government, it would be only because it was better administered.  There would be no danger of the Federal Government coercing the people, because of the high impossibility of collecting a force for such a purpose, and, if it should be collected, because of superior power of the militia to overcome it.
After reading these excerpts, which of the following statements would be considered TRUE?
a.
Speaker A opposed the Revolutionary War, but supports the new government under the Constitution.
b.
Speaker B believes that the new Constitution would give too much power to the national government, and leave too little power to the State governments.
c.
Speaker A and B agree that the Constitution should not be ratified, and we should remain with the Articles of Confederation.
d.
Speaker B supports the ratification of the Constitution, believing it will continue to protect the people, and Speaker A opposed the new Constitution because it does not recognize the rights of the citizens.
 

 14. 

There was a great debate over the creation of the National Bank in the late 18th century.  What was biggest problem with creating a National Bank?
a.
President Washington did not like the concept of a Bank
b.
Congress refused to create it with laws
c.
the power to create it was not mentioned in the Constitution
d.
it was forbidden in the Constitution
 

 15. 

A group of Federalists gathered in Hartford, Connecticut.  They believed that the New England states should leave the U.S., citing their opposition to:
a.
The War of 1812
b.
The Monroe Doctrine
c.
The Election of John Adams
d.
The Missouri Compromise
 

 16. 

Which of the following maps shows the results of the Missouri Compromise?
mc016-1.jpg
a.
Map 1
b.
Map 2
c.
Map 3
d.
None of these
 

 17. 

mc017-1.jpg
According to the chart above, what effect belongs in the box at the top?
a.
The Revolutionary War
b.
The War of 1812
c.
The Civil War
d.
The Mexican War
 

 18. 

Under the courts of Chief Justice John Marshall;
a.
The judicial branch became a co-equal branch to the legislative and judicial.
b.
slavery was declared unconsititutional and the Civil War began
c.
The Democratic-Republican Party won nearly all of its judicical challenges
d.
The power of the Supreme Court to declare war was first used.
 

 19. 

What effect did the Monroe Doctrine have on America’s foreign policy?
a.
we became more isolationist
b.
we typically supported France, but opposed England
c.
we typically supported England, but opposed France
d.
we became much more involved in the affairs of Europoe
 

 20. 

  mc020-1.jpg
Which of the following is most likely the artist’s message with this cartoon?
a.
Andrew Jackson’s policies of extending voting to the common man compares to him riding a pig.
b.
Andrew Jackson was not a good leader, in spite of his big victory in the War of 1812 over the British.
c.
Andrew Jackson is such an amazing president, he can even ride a pig.
d.
Andrew Jackson’s system of giving political supporters jobs in the government is a problem.
 

 21. 


???
Natural resources, such as the buffalo, depleated
Repeatedly defeated in battle
Forced to become residents of reservations in the West
Forced to move from ancestral homeland

What would be the most appropriate title for the chart above?
a.
“Effects of Industrialization on Native Americans”
b.
“Effects of Democracy on Native Americans”
c.
“Effects of Western Migration on Native Americans”
d.
“Effects of Slavery on Native Americans”
 

 22. 

mc022-1.jpg
Which inventor would have been most responsible for influencing the change represented on this pictograph?
a.
Thomas Jefferson
b.
Thomas Edison
c.
Ben Franklin
d.
Eli Whitney
 

 23. 

John C. Calhoun: “Sovereign states have the right to nullify acts of Congress - states freely entered the Union and should be free to leave.”
Andrew Jackson: “To allow state legislatures this power would dissolve the Union - I will send troops to enforce this law.”

Known as the Nullification Crisis, this argument nearly started a Civil War.  What were these two men arguing about?
a.
The War of 1812
b.
The Tariff of 1832
c.
The Missori Compromise
d.
The Alien and Sedition Acts
 

 24. 


mc024-1.jpg
What title would be appropriate for the shaded box in the chart above?
a.
Popular Sovereignty in the West
b.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
c.
Compromise of 1850
d.
Tariff of Abominations
 

 25. 

mc025-1.jpg
According to the chart above, who belongs in the center shaded circle?
a.
Susan B. Anthony
b.
Frederick Douglass
c.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 26. 

mc026-1.jpg
The image above was reprinted in newspapers throughout the South.  Which of the following was the most direct result of the incident depicted here?
a.
The lives of the slaves in the South got worse, as harsher treatment and regulations were enforced out of fear of another slave revolt.
b.
The lives of the slaves improved dramatically, as Southerners believed that if they did not give in to demands, they could be the next victims.
c.
The lives of slaves stayed about the same because incidents such as this were very uncommon.
d.
Slaves were quickly emancipated by the Government.
 

 27. 

mc027-1.jpg
The cartoon above BEST reflecs the ideas of:
a.
The Monroe Doctrine
b.
The War with Mexico
c.
Manifest Destiny
d.
Jay’s Treaty
 

 28. 

mc028-1.jpg
Which letter from the map represents the area was won from Mexico in the Mexican-American War?
a.
A
b.
B
c.
C
d.
E
 

 29. 

The Northern states depend on cotton grown in the South to run the large textile industry, the 5th Amendment protects private property, and the laborers in the factories live and work in much worse condition than the labor force in the South - Slavery is a necessary evil.
Who would have most likely agreed with quote above?
a.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
b.
Jefferson Davis
c.
Abraham Lincoln
d.
Frederick Douglass
 

 30. 

mc030-1.jpg
Who would have been the speaker of this quotation in the box above?
a.
Jefferson Davis
b.
Abraham Lincoln
c.
Robert E. Lee
d.
Ulysses S. Grant
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg
From the quotation in the box above, what was the purpose of the war?
a.
to preserve the Union
b.
to free the slaves
c.
to defeat the South
d.
to gain more territory
 

 32. 

mc032-1.jpg
From which document in the quotation above is this an excerpt?
a.
The Declaration of Independence
b.
Emancipation Proclamation
c.
13th Amendment
d.
15th Amendment
 

 33. 


???
The South should be punished for the Civil War.
The South should be placed under military occupation.
Freed Slaves should be given full and equal rights in the South.

What should be the title of this chart?
a.
Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction
b.
Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction
c.
Radical Republican’s plan for Reconstruction
d.
Confederate plan for Reconstruction
 

 34. 

The end of Reconstruction marked the beginning of the “Jim Crow” Era.  This refers to the period when:
a.
slavery returned to the South
b.
African Americans gained solid electoral power
c.
African Americans were denied real and full rights of citizenship in the South
d.
all Americans forgave and forgot the problems of the Civil War
 

 35. 

What should be the title of this chart?
???
Homestead Act of 1862
New Technologies
Transcontinental Railroad
Demand for more food resources for the growing cities
a.
Reasons for the Rise of Cities
b.
New Inventions for Farmers
c.
Causes of the Westward Movement
d.
Effects of the Great Plains Migration
 

 36. 

mc036-1.jpg
According to the information on the chart above, we can assume that immigrants from the late 19th and early 20th centuries made their most valuable contributions:
a.
supplying labor
b.
enhancing the arts, like music and literature
c.
enriching the culture
d.
providing new foods
 

 37. 

mc037-1.jpg
What does the picture above best represent?
a.
Living conditions in the cities at the turn of the 20th century
b.
The use of public transportation in New York at the beginning of the 20th century
c.
The effects of the Great Depression in the 1930’s
d.
The rise of industry in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
 

 38. 

Using this map of Europe from 1871, from which regions did Americaa recieve a massive increase of immigration between 1870 and 1920?
mc038-1.jpg
a.
A and D
b.
B and C
c.
C and D
d.
A and C
 

 39. 

mc039-1.jpg
Using the United States map above, in which region would you find the most industrial growth between 1870 and 1920?
a.
1
b.
2
c.
3
d.
4
 

 40. 

mc040-1.jpg
The excerpt above most likely came from:
a.
The Dred Scott court ruling
b.
The Plessy v. Ferguson ruling
c.
The Brown v. Board of Education ruling
d.
The Civil Rights Act of 1892
 

 41. 

mc041-1.jpg
The family in this photograph is waiting for a boat along the Mississippi River to take them north in the late 1800’s.  What would this be an example of?
a.
The Great Migration
b.
The Great Depression
c.
The Civil War Refugees
d.
The Jim Crow Laws
 

 42. 

mc042-1.jpg
How would Booker T. Washington probably answer the child in the picture above?
a.
“An astronaut or scientist”
b.
“A farmer or mechanic”
c.
“A slave or servant”
d.
“An artist or musician”
 

 43. 


mc043-1.jpg
The image above best exemplifies:
a.
America’s interest in the Progressive Movement
b.
America’s desire to become imperialist
c.
The American desires of Manifest Destiny
d.
The acquisition of the Panama Canal
 

 44. 

Why did the Progressive Movement begin?
a.
to help solve many problems created by industrialization and urbanization
b.
to help stop the rapid rise in immigration
c.
to help solve the many problems created by the Civil War
d.
to help plan the expansion of new territories for the U.S.
 

 45. 

The “New Freedom” is to ____?____ as the “Square Deal” is to ___?____.
a.
Woodrow Wilson/ Theodore Roosevelt
b.
Theodore Roosevelt/ William Taft
c.
William Taft/ Woodrow Wilson
d.
William Taft/ Theodore Roosevelt
 

 46. 

Why is the Women’s Suffrage Movement considered to be the forerunner of the modern protest movement?
a.
Because it grew out of the abolition movement
b.
It advocated peaceful protest, marches and boycotts
c.
It was the first movement to go across state lines
d.
It resulted in the passage of the 18th Amendment
 

 47. 

mc047-1.jpg
Which of the following would most appropriately belong in the center of the chart above?
a.
“America’s Domination of the World”
b.
“American Imperialist Activities”
c.
“American Imperialism in Asia”
d.
“American Imperialism in Central America”
 

 48. 

mc048-1.jpg
Which of the following best belongs in the center of the chart above?
a.
American Gains from the Spanish-American War
b.
Reasons for Imperialist Expansion
c.
American Victories in Latin America
d.
Success of William Taft
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg
Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the information presented on this map?
a.
The Central Powers had lost much of their territory to the creation of new nations.
b.
The Allies in World War 1 gained much territory as a result of the war.
c.
The Treaty of Versailles was more harsh on Germany than on Austria-Hungary.
d.
Europe became a more simplified continent as a result of World War 1.
 

 50. 

Why did the  U.S. Senate’s oppose U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
a.
It feared our membership would be a drain on American finances
b.
It feared our membership would lead to international instability
c.
It feared our membership would drag the country into European conflicts
d.
It feared our membership would interfere with free-trade agreements
 

 51. 

mc051-1.jpg
From the posters above, which of the following best explains the different expectation of American women between World War 1 and World War 2?
a.
Women were encouraged to support the World War 1, but not World War 2.
b.
Women were encouraged to take up combat roles in World War 1, but only work in factories in World War 2.
c.
Women were encouraged to support World War 1 only at the homefront, but in World War 2 they were encouraged to enlist in the military.
d.
There was no real difference between expectations of women between the two World Wars.
 

 52. 

Why did Japan invade and occupy China and other nations in Asia in the 1930’s?
a.
they were trying to gain access to raw materials to fuel expansion
b.
they were just being mean
c.
they were attempting to convert the people to Shintoism
d.
they were attemptint to reclaim their ancient empire
 

 53. 

  mc053-1.jpg
To what event is the artist referring?
a.
Pearl Harbor
b.
Nazi invasion of Poland
c.
Communist Revolution
d.
D-Day
 

 54. 

  mc054-1.jpg
According to the chart above, what would BEST fit in the empty box?
a.
the Battle of Iwo Jima
b.
Dropping of the “unconditional surrender” requirement when negotiating with Japan
c.
American decision to use the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
d.
the threatened invasion of Japan by the Soviet Union
 

 55. 

mc055-1.jpg
The image above represents the American-British attack on Nazi forces in France, with the goal of an invasion on the Continent.  This was called:
a.
D-Day (Operation Overlord)
b.
Operation Torch
c.
Operation Manhattan
d.
Operation Desert Fox
 

 56. 

mc056-1.jpg
In the above picture, Germans rounded up Jews and put them into:
a.
City Ghettos
b.
Nuremburg Villages
c.
Concentration Camps
d.
Gulags
 

 57. 

In the internment process:
I. Japanese Americans were forced to sell their businesses and homes and move, often losing money as prejudices prevented them from receiving fair market value for their property.
II. While living in the camps, Japanese Americans were forced to live under strict codes of conduct -> they needed special permission to leave the camp and were forced to obey curfews.
III. Those affected were only foreign born Japanese immigrants, not natural born citizens.
IV. When challenged in court, the Supreme Court upheld the right of the government to intern the Japanese as a necessity of war safety.
a.
I and II only
b.
I, II, and III only
c.
II and IV only
d.
I, II, and IV only
 

 58. 

  mc058-1.jpg
Posters like the one above  were used during World War II to:
a.
encourage Americans to buy war bonds
b.
encourage Americans to support rationing programs.
c.
encourage Americans to join the Army
d.
encourage Americans to get their fair share
 

 59. 


mc059-1.jpgThis cartoon appeared in a U.S. Newspaper in 1947. mc059-2.jpg

How does the artist and the information on the graph relate?
a.
the artist would support giving aid to Western Europe to contain communism.
b.
he artist would oppose giving aid to these nations, and would rather focus on Eastern Europe
c.
the artist would oppose all involvement, preferring to retun to isolationism
d.
the information on the graph is not related to containing communism, but rather on rebuilding cities of the Allies
 

 60. 

According to the Truman Doctrine:
a.
the U.S. would oppose any European intervention in Latin America
b.
the U.S. would oppose any further colonization in the Western Hemisphere
c.
the U.S. would engage in secret espionage to find a way to attack the Soviets
d.
the U.S. would work to contain communism
 

 61. 

mc061-1.jpg mc061-2.jpg
Both of these images are related to which of the following events?
a.
Cuban Missile Crisis
b.
U2 Incident
c.
Bay of Pigs
d.
Operation Torch
 

 62. 

The Korean War and the Vietnam War were similar in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
a.
they were elements of containment
b.
both were started by reunification  attempts by the communists
c.
the U.S. was able to dominate and win each conflict
d.
both nations had been divided after  WWII
 

 63. 

  mc063-1.jpg
Which of the following statements would the artist of the cartoon above most agree with?
a.
All women make really bad drivers.
b.
The way Congress was hunting for communists in America was just as dangerous as communism itself.
c.
The United States should have continued World War 2 by attacking the Soviet Union when it was weak and did not have an atom bomb.
d.
Americans should stay off the streets to help Congress hunt for the communists.
 

 64. 

John F. Kennedy stated that the United States should, “Pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty....”  What did he mean?
a.
The U.S. should return to a state of isolationism
b.
The U.S. should continue its efforts in Cold War containment
c.
The U.S. should withdraw from the U.N. and focus only on NATO
d.
The U.S. should grant economic aid to the developing nations of Africa and Central America
 

 65. 

These images appeared in newspapers in 1957 from Little Rock, Arkansas

mc065-1.jpg  mc065-2.jpg
The pictures above illustrate:
a.
Forced integration of public schools
b.
Forced segregation of public schools
c.
A violation of the Brown decision
d.
States’ Rights powers
 

 66. 

mc066-1.jpg
What will be the result of the events depicted in the flow-chart above?
a.
Passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
b.
Passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
c.
The impeachment of Richard Nixon
d.
The complete success of the Civil Rights Movement
 

 67. 

mc067-1.jpg
Which of the following most likely resulted in the changes in the map above?
a.
The 24th Amendment
b.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
c.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
d.
Brown v. Board of Education
 

 68. 

mc068-1.jpg
Which of these elements does NOT belong in the center of the Venn diagram above which compares Modern Immigrants to immigrants from 1870 to 1920?
a.
Countries of Origin
b.
General Reasons for Immigration
c.
Provide Labor
d.
Help Diversify Society
 

 69. 

mc069-1.jpg
How would Ronald Reagan most likely respond to FDR?
a.
“You are correct - we need more business regulations and direct assistance to help the people of the United States.”
b.
“You are incorrect - the government needs to raise taxes to finance the programs that will help return this country to prominence.”
c.
“You are incorrect - large government is the problem, not the solution.  Let’s return to federalism.
d.
“You are correct - only the government has the power and authority to make appropriate changes, business will not sacrifice on their own.”
 

 70. 

The Patriot Act is designed to help protect America from an attack by terrorists already in the United States.  The main criticism of this act is that:
a.
it could infringe on the rights and liberties of Americans
b.
it allows for people arrested for terrorist activities to be tortured
c.
it does not go far enough to protect American borders from illegal aliens who could be terrorists
d.
it is too expensive to enforce
 



 
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